AbstractThermal properties of wood and modified wood-based materials are important parameters that influence the manufacturing process and final industrial utilization. The aim of this work was to investigate three main thermal properties (thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, and specific heat capacity) of ammonia-treated compressed beech wood (Lignamon material) and natural beech wood (Fagus sylvatica).These properties were measured based on the quasi-stationary method developed at the Department of Wood Science at the Technical University in Zvolen. The influence of increased density (caused by ammonium treatment and compression) of four different types of Lignamon material on the thermal properties was discovered, and the results were compared with those from untreated beech wood. The results confirmed a dependency on the density of the material. With increasing Lignamon compression extent (increasing density value), the thermal conductivity increased and the thermal diffusivity decreased. The maximum value of thermal conductivity reached (0.26 W.m-1.K-1 at 1070 kg.m-3) in the case of Lignamon 6k and (0.26 W.m-1.K-1 at 950 kg.m-3) in the case of Lignamon 7n.