AbstractThree types of biomasses (miscanthus, spruce, and a mixture of different woodchips species) were tested as low-cost adsorption media for an industrial agro-industrial effluent, typically a vinasse. Influences of effluent dilution, working temperature, and time duration were studied. Kinetic modelling studies of adsorption were proposed. Ratios of adsorption at ambient temperature and without dilution expressed in g of dry vinasse per g of dry biomass were 1.0, 0.85, and 0.65 for miscanthus, woodchips mixture, and spruce, respectively. An increase of the temperature from 10 °C to 50 °C led to a decrease of the vinasse viscosity and favored its penetration in the biomasses. Maximal adsorbance of dry matter of vinasse was obtained at 50 °C for a vinasse viscosity of 20 mPas. Whatever the experimental conditions required during adsorption processes, miscanthus showed the best affinity for the vinasse. Pseudo-second order and intra-particle diffusion model well described the adsorption process. This study indicates that conventional biomasses could be used as natural low-cost adsorbent for by-products such as vinasse.