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Schwartz, T. J., and Lawoko, M. (2010). "Removal of acid-soluble lignin from biomass extracts using Amberlite XAD-4 Resin," BioRes. 5(4), 2337-2347.


This paper describes a method for the removal of acid-soluble lignin from acid-hydrolyzed hemicelluloses extracted from a mixture of northern US hardwood chips, by using Amberlite XAD-4 resin, which was shown to remove 100% of furan derivatives and 90% of acid-soluble lignin. Subsequent fermentation of the resin-treated hydrolyzates gave ethanol yields as high as 97% of theoretical and showed a marked increase in the fermentation rate. Regeneration of resin performed with 75% acetone was 85% efficient with respect to acid-soluble lignin.
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