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E. Szwarcsztajn. Research in East European countries. In The role of fundamental research in paper-making, Trans. of the VIIth Fund. Res. Symp. Cambridge, 1981, (Fundamental Research Committee, ed.), pp 1005–1011, FRC, Manchester, 2018.


Organisation of research in the paper industry in socialist countries is dealt with, giving data on participation of state owned institutes, universities and mills, on sources of financing, on co-ordination by governmental institutions, and on the percentage of fundamental research.

Co-operation within the framework of bilateral agreements or of the Council of Mutual Economic Co-operation is discussed, and some examples of such common projects are given. Some achievements in fundamental and applied research are listed. Research centres in eastern and western countries are compared.

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