NC State
BioResources
Zhang, J., Yang, H., Jiang, J., and Jiang, X. (2014). "Research on physical and chemical properties of blended bio-oil based on fractionation," BioRes. 9(4), 7542-7553.

Abstract

To improve the properties of bio-oil, a new method was proposed that does not involve introduction of any energy medium. An ether-soluble fraction (ES), a dichloromethane soluble fraction (DCMS), and a dichloromethane insoluble fraction (DCMIS) of bio-oil were obtained using ether and dichloromethane as extraction solvents. The same amount of each fraction (10 g) was blended into bio-oil with a certain quantity of 100 g. The three samples were then placed in sealed vials and heated for 12, 60, and 180 h at both 60 °C and 80 °C in an oil bath. Based on the aging properties of the three fractions, blended bio-oil was prepared using ES and DCMS in certain volume ratio. The total yield of the three fractions combined was around 90 wt%; the weight loss was thought to be due to the volatilization of low molecular weight matter and water during the process of solvent evaporation using a rotary evaporator. The aging test results indicated that the DCMIS fraction had the poorest properties compared with ES and DCMS such as acid number, water content and viscosity. In order to get the best properties of blended bio-oil, the optimal volume ratio of ES/DCMS was 1/2 according to the aging test.
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