AbstractA method for the production of paper with high strength and grease resistance was developed. Filter paper was impregnated by an aqueous solution of zinc chloride at a fixed temperature for several seconds. Swelling and partial dissolution of the cellulose fibers resulted in strong and compact paper. Various influencing factors were investigated in an attempt to improve the grease resistance of the paper. In addition, the structural properties of the zinc chloride-treated paper were investigated using a Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Paper treated in this manner was completely grease resistant, had greater stretch, and twice as high tensile strength when compared with untreated paper, while its burst strength more than doubled. Paper treated according to this method had the skeleton of un-dissolved cellulose fibers and the matrix of gelled cellulose. The cellulose of the paper was not chemically modified during this process.