NC State
Jing, N., Wang, Q., Zhu, H., Liu, Y., and Han, L. (2020). "Sintering behavior of ash from combustion of Jincheng coal and pine sawdust blends," BioRes. 15(4), 9324-9336.


Sintering behaviour of ash specimens from blends of Jincheng (JC) coal and pine sawdust (PS) was investigated using a pressure-drop sintering device combined with scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, and FactSage modeling. The sintering temperatures consistently displayed a decreased trend when the PS was added into JC. In addition, the ashing temperature had an important influence on the sintering temperature of ash. The SEM analysis revealed a fine, irregular, and fibrous texture in the ash specimens from the lower ashing temperature. Regular block-shape particles were present in the ash from the higher ashing temperature. The EDS results showed that more Ca and Fe appeared with the increase of ashing temperature and more K and Na appeared, while Ca and Fe decreased with the addition of PS. The XRD analysis revealed that low-temperature minerals melted or co-fused with 10% PS addition into coal, while the high-temperature minerals formed with increased ashing temperature. The FactSage calculation indicated that the alkali and alkali earth metal species mainly existed in the forms of aluminosilicates and silicates. Calcium, magnesium, and potassium played a vital role during the sintering of the blends with PS.

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