NC State
BioResources
Amusa, A., Ahmad, A., and Adewole, J. (2021). "Study on lignin-free lignocellulosic biomass and PSF-PEG membrane compatibility," BioResources 16(1), 1063-1075.

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass was delignified by combining physical and chemical pretreatment techniques. Then, a polysulfone-polyethylene glycol blend, which was compatible with the lignin-free biomass (0 wt% to 3.0 wt%), was used to fabricate composite membranes. The presence of hydroxyl groups after the pretreatment was evaluated via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The rheology of the polymer solutions was assessed via the viscometric method. Also, the hydrophobicity of the fabricated membranes was determined using contact angle and porosity measurements. The fabricated membranes with near superhydrophobic properties (a contact angle of approximately 140°) based on this study revealed that contactor systems and biomedical applications would benefit from this modification.


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