NC State
Zhang, Y., Yin, C., Zhang, Y., and Wu, H. (2013). "Synthesis and characterization of cellulose carbamate from wood pulp, assisted by supercritical carbon dioxide," BioRes. 8(1), 1398-1408.


This paper considers the modification of wood-derived cellulose assisted by supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2). Cellulose carbamate derivatives were successfully prepared from softwood pulp at 150 °C and 3000 psi for 6 hours. Compared with conventional methods, SC-CO2 was shown to be more efficient in the modification of wood-derived cellulose. The modified cellulose had a considerable increase in nitrogen content. During the characterization Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Thermogravimetry (TG), and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) were employed to investigate the structural and morphological changes in modified cellulose from wood.
Download PDF