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L. Göttsching and L. Stürmer. The effect of calendering and supercalendering on the properties of secondary fibres. In Fibre-Water Interactions in Paper-Making, Trans. of the VIth Fund. Res. Symp. Oxford, 1977, (Fundamental Research Committee, ed.), pp 877–896, FRC, Manchester, 2018.


In general, only qualitative information is available concerning the mainly negative effect of the various processing stages of papermaking, after-processing and usage, on the recyclability and properties of wastepaper as a raw material for further paper making. However, it is quite unknown to what extent such negative influence is exerted by the various processing stages as, for instance, stock preparation, wet pressing, drying, calendering and supercalendering, printing, corrugating, and so on.

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