AbstractTransformation and products distribution of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) and its derived components during pyrolysis were investigated by thermogravimetric analyzer coupled with Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (TG-FTIR) and analytical pyrolysis coupled with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) techniques. The pyrolysis of moso bamboo was generally an integrated result of the decomposition of its several derived components by examining the degradation process parameters and pyrolysis kinetics. The main peaks of the infrared (IR) spectrum for gases released at the highest intensity were assigned to be CO2, CO, CH4, H2O, acids, aldehydes, aromatics, ethers, and alcohols. Pyrolysis temperature played an important role in the products distribution of moso bamboo by affecting the products' yield and secondary cracking of heavy compounds. 500 °C was an inflection point for product release during moso bamboo pyrolysis. Further cracking of aromatic compounds and furans into lighter products was observed with increasing pyrolysis temperature.