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D.H. Page and P.A. Tydeman. A new theory of the shrinkage, structure and properties of paper. In The Formation and Structure of Paper, Trans. of the IInd Fund. Res. Symp. Oxford, 1961, (F. Bolam, ed.), pp 397–413, FRC, Manchester, 2018.


The mechanism of the shrinkage of paper has been investigated microscopically and this has resulted in a better understanding of the structure of paper. It is shown that the shrinkage of paper gives rise to a `microstructure’, in terms of which Theological and other properties of paper, as well as the influence of papermaking variables upon them, can be explained. Although the theory is considered to be comprehensive, it has not been possible to develop it completely in this initial publication .

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