NC State
Zhou, Z., Zhao, M.-C., Wang, Z., Wang, B. J., and Guan, X. (2013). "Acoustic testing and sorting of Chinese poplar logs for structural LVL products," BioRes. 8(3), 4101-4116.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using resonance-based acoustic technologies for sorting Chinese poplar logs for laminated veneer lumber (LVL) products. Representative poplar logs were sampled. Each log was first tested for acoustic velocity and then peeled into veneer. Each veneer sheet was subsequently dried and measured with a production-line veneer tester. LVL beams were made, and their stiffness was non-destructively measured by both time-of-flight (TOF) acoustic method and free-beam vibration methods. Based on the LVL dynamic modulus of elasticity (MOE) values, logs were sorted into several grades with known grade outturns. The results showed that there was a strong correlation between resonance-based acoustic velocities of logs and dynamic MOE of veneer and LVL. Thus, it is feasible to predict the stiffness of LVL products based on log resonance-based acoustic velocity measured. The resonance-based acoustic measurement is easy to use and reliable, which can help increase the grade outturn and in turn value recovery of Chinese poplar logs. It was estimated that the log grade outturns were approximately 31.1% for LVL grade 1, 38.6% for LVL grade 2, and 26.1% for LVL grade 3.

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