AbstractHeat treatment under controlled temperatures can help enhance bamboo's durability and dimensional stability. The treatment may simultaneously affect thermal and mechanical performance of bamboo fibers (BFs). The aim of this work was to study the effect of heat treating temperature on thermal decomposition kinetic properties of heat-treated BFs and resulting polymer composites using dynamic thermo-gravimetric analysis under nitrogen. Degradation models including the Kissinger and the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa methods were used to determine the apparent activation energy (Ea) of various materials. The results indicated that the thermal decomposition of the heat-treated BFs mainly occurred within a temperature range between 245°C and 354°C. The values of Ea varied from 161 to 177 kJ/mol and increased with increased heat treating temperatures for the fibers. The thermal decomposition of the heat-treated BF and high density polyethylene blends mainly occurred within a temperature range of 307°C and 483°C. The values of Ea were between 225 and 236 kJ/mol and decreased with the increase of fiber heat-treating temperatures. The established thermal decomposition kinetic parameters can help aid the development of polymer composites from heat-treated bamboo materials.