Heat-treated wood has an ever-expanding market for exterior and interior applications. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of a heat treatment on the bonding strength of hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.) wood that was bonded with melamine formaldehyde (MF), polyurethane (PUR), and polyvinyl acetate (PVAc-D4) adhesives. Hornbeam lamellas were heat treated at 150 °C, 175 °C, 200 °C, and 225 °C for 3 h and then bonded. The bonding strength of the specimens was determined. In addition, the density, weight loss, and pH value of the heat-treated wood were investigated. The results showed that the bonding strengths of the heat-treated wood specimens decreased with the temperature of the heat treatment. The bonding strength of the PUR adhesive was higher than the MF and the PVAc-D4.