The preparation of bleached pulp from Eucalyptus globulus pulp was evaluated after utilizing chlorine dioxide (ClO2) with or without microwave irradiation. The three ClO2-bleaching processes examined were water-bath heating; microwave heating; and microwave pretreatment combined with water-bath heating. These processes were applied to eucalypt pulps that were oxygen-delignified. The effects of the treatments on the levels of lipophilic extractives and properties of the resulting pulps were compared with one another. The microwave-induced treatment had a remarkable effect, leading to an increase in pulp brightness and a decrease in lipophilic extractives when compared with the control (i.e., A). The sample under the condition of microwave pretreatment combined with water-bath heating achieved a higher brightness and reduced lipophilic extractives, which were increased by 45.8% and reduced by 37.4%, respectively. This study demonstrated an effective microwave-pretreated method in ClO2 bleaching process, which provides a promising route for alleviating pitch deposition problems occurring during pulp manufacture.