AbstractThe effect of changing the sequence of refining and enzymatic treatment on the properties of deinked pulp from mixed office waste paper (MOW) was investigated. The sequences included refining before and after enzymatic treatment. Refining was applied for 700 and 1500 revolutions, and the consistency of pulps during enzymatic treatment was 5, 8, and 13%. Enzymatic treatment was applied for 20, 40, and 60 min. After each of the sequences, the deinking stage was the same. When refining was applied after the enzymatic treatment, the freeness of pulp was greater than that of the pulp on which refining was conducted before the enzymatic treatment, at a constant refining speed. Better strength properties were produced when refining was carried out before the enzymatic treatment. Also, the results of testing the optical properties of deinked pulp showed that brightness and ERIC improved when refining was carried out before the enzymatic treatment.