NC State
Pelit, H., Sönmez, A., and Budakçı, M. (2014). "Effects of ThermoWood® process combined with thermo-mechanical densification on some physical properties of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)," BioRes. 9(3), 4552-4567.


Effects of heat treatment on some physical properties of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) wood densified using a thermo-mechanical method were determined. Samples were densified in the radial direction with a specially designed hydraulic press machine with target compression ratios of 20% and 40%, and at 110 °C and 150 °C. Then, heat treatment was applied to the samples during 2 h at three different temperatures (190 °C, 200 °C, and 210 °C). In order to determine the changes occurring in physical properties, tests of actual compression ratio, spring-back, compression ratio recovery effect, swelling (TS 4084) in compression direction (radial), and density (TS 2472) were conducted. According to results of the research, at the same target compression ratio (20% or 40%), higher actual compression ratio and density increase were observed in the samples densified at 110 ºC in comparison to those densified at 150 ºC. While an increase of 42% in density was being obtained, small rates of decreases up to 4% were observed after heat treatment. Application of heat treatment and increase of treatment temperature significantly influenced dimensional stability of densified Scots pine. Furthermore in comparison to samples without heat treatment, effects of compression ratio recovery were reduced by 80%.
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