NC State
Li, H., Xian, Y., Deng, J., Cheng, H., Chen, F., and Wang, G. (2016). "Evaluation of water absorption and its influence on the physical-mechanical properties of bamboo-bundle laminated veneer lumber," BioRes. 11(1), 1359-1368.


To investigate the possibility of using bamboo-bundle laminated veneer lumber (BLVL) as a cooling tower packing material, the water absorption rates, thickness swelling rates, and flexural properties of three different composite materials were studied. The BLVL was combined with either 12% or 24% phenol formaldehyde resin (PF), and the moso bamboo strips were exposed to water baths at three different temperatures (45, 65, and 85 °C) for 30 d. After the aging treatments, the 24%-BLVL samples showed lower water absorption rates and better bending properties than the other two composites. The temperature was found to have a significant effect on the modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), and the thickness swelling rate. As the temperature increased, the swelling rate and the rate of weight gain increased and the MOE and MOR decreased. According to the activation energies for swelling calculated from the Arrhenius-type plots, compared with the 24%-BLVL (22.95 kJ·mol-1) and the moso bamboo strips (12.69 kJ·mol-1), the effect of temperature on the swelling rate was greatest for the 12%-BLVL (24.15 kJ·mol-1). Results showed that the BLVL material is a promising candidate for a novel cooling tower packing material.
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