NC State
Cheng, H., Li, J., Feng, Q., Zhan, H., and Xie, Y. (2014). "Hot water extraction of corn stover: Hemicellulose fractionation and its effect on subsequent soda-AQ pulping," BioRes. 9(2), 2671-2680.


Fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass is an important process in producing biofuels. In this study, hot water extraction of corn stover hemicellulose was carried out at 150, 160, and 170 °C. Variations of sugar content in the hydrolysate under different holding time were detected. The contents of furfural and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde generated during the extraction were also determined. Results showed that the main composition of the hydrolysate was xylo-oligosaccharide; the yield of oligosaccharides first increased as holding time was prolonged. After extraction at 160 °C for 210 min, 70.2% of the total xylan was dissolved, with the generation of furfural (0.90 g/L) and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (0.10 g/L). The effects of extraction on alkali pulping and bleaching were also investigated. Results indicated that soda-AQ pulp obtained from the extracted material had poorer tensile and burst strengths but better tear strength.
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