AbstractLogistic regression models were developed to identify significant factors that influence the location of existing wood-using bioenergy/biofuels plants and traditional wood-using facilities. Logistic models provided quantitative insight for variables influencing the location of woody biomass-using facilities. Availability of “thinnings to a basal area of 31.7m2/ha,” “availability of unused mill residues,” and “high density of railroad availability” had positive significant influences on the location of all wood-using faciities. “Median family income,” “population,” “low density of railroad availability,” and “harvesting costs for logging residues” had negative significant influences on the location of all wood-using faciities. For larger woody biomass-using mills (e.g., biopower) availability of “thinnings to a basal area of 79.2m2/ha,” “number of primary and secondary wood-using mills within an 128.8km haul distance,” and “amount of total mill residues,” had positive significant influences on the location of larger wood-using faciities. “Population” and “harvesting costs for logging residues” have negative significant influences on the location of larger wood-using faciities. Based on the logistic models, 25 locations were predicted for bioenergy or biofuels plants for a 13-state study region in the Southern United States.