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BioResources
Gaff, M., and Matlák, J. (2014). "Modification of veneers by lamination and steaming for the purpose of increasing 3D moldability," BioRes. 9(4), 7141-7151.

Abstract

The focus of this work was to determine the 3D moldability of veneers on circular test pieces treated with steam plastification. These results were compared with results acquired from pieces laminated with three different types of laminating foils with thicknesses of 80, 100, and 125 µm before proper 3D molding. The purpose of test piece lamination was to change the degree of pre-stress and move the neutral plane into the laminating foil, which actually works as a flange. Results acquired from sets of test pieces modified by steam plastification and lamination were compared with the results acquired for the set of test pieces without any treatment. To determine the effects of wood type, the results obtained with beech wood of 0.5-mm thickness were compared with the results acquired from birch wood of 0.5-mm thickness using two types of spherical stamping tools with 20-mm and 40-mm diameters for molding the test pieces. The final examined characteristics were the means of attachment of the test pieces; i.e., the effect of loose attachment and attachment with a hold. The characteristic of maximum deflections was examined during 3D-molding. To measure the listed results, a testing appliance was specially designed and constructed.
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