NC State
Feng, Q., Li, J., Cheng, H., Chen, F., and Xie, Y. (2014). "Synthesis and characterization of porous hydrogel based on lignin and polyacrylamide," BioRes. 9(3), 4369-4381.


A porous lignin-containing hydrogel was developed for dye removal via graft copolymerization of acetic acid lignin (AAL) and acrylamide (AAm), in the presence of ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as a crosslinker and H2O2 as an initiator. AAL was characterized by FT-IR and TGA. After being washed to remove impurities, the hydrogel was characterized by FT-IR, TGA, SEM, and swelling ratio. FT-IR spectra suggested that AAL was present in the hydrogel. The TGA curves revealed that the introduction of AAL had no significant impact on the thermal stability of PAAm. SEM images showed that the honeycomb-like structure of the hydrogel was improved with increasing AAL content. The swelling ratio data showed that the hydrogel with a high AAL/AAm ratio was sensitive to pH. Furthermore, increased lignin content of the hydrogel favors the dye adsorption.
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