NC State
Pang, A. L., and Ismail, H. (2013). "Tensile properties, water uptake, and thermal properties of polypropylene/waste pulverized tire/kenaf (PP/WPT/KNF) composites," BioRes. 8(1), 806-817.


The effects of kenaf (KNF) loading and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) on the tensile properties, water uptake, and thermal properties of KNF-filled polypropylene (PP)/waste pulverized tire (WPT) composites were investigated. The composites were prepared using a Thermo Haake Polydrive internal mixer, where KNF loadings (0, 5, 10, 15, 20 phr) and constant PP/WPT (70/30) were used. The results showed that the tensile modulus and water uptake increased, but tensile strength and elongation at break decreased, with increased KNF loading. The composites with APTES exhibited a higher tensile strength and tensile modulus, but lower elongation at break and water uptake than composites without APTES. The presence of APTES enhanced the interfacial adhesion between PP/WPT matrices and KNF. Thermal stability of PP/WPT/KNF composites increased with KNF loading, and was found slightly higher, but insignificant for composites with APTES. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra analysis was performed to study the interactions among the PP, WPT, KNF, and the ethoxy functional groups in APTES.
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