NC State
BioResources
(2011). "The effects of the force loading direction on bending strength and modulus of elasticity in laminated veneer lumber (LVL)," BioRes. 6(3), 2805-2817.

Abstract

This study was aimed at determining the effects of the force loading direction on bending strength (MOR) and modulus of elasticity (MOE) in laminated wooden materials obtained in different compositions from cut veneers of Oriental beech and Lombardy poplar with thicknesses of 4 mm and 5 mm. A total of 180 experimental specimens were prepared for determining the MOR and MOE values in parallel and perpendicular directions to the glue line. The study involved a total of 6 air-dried density layer organizations of solid Oriental beech and Lombardy popular in 4 different laminate compositions and in the same dimensions, aimed at control. Polyvinyl Acetate (PVAc) and Polyurethane (PU) were used as the adhesive type in laminations with PVAc5-PU5-PVAc4-PU4. The specimens were subjected to bending strength and modulus of elasticity experiments in parallel and perpendicular directions to the glue line in accordance with the TS EN 310 standards. As a result of the statistical analysis of the data obtained at the end of the experiments, it was determined that in the laminated materials, the force loading direction in parallel or perpendicular to the glue line affected the MOR and MOE results. The best result in the laminated materials was found to be approximately 10% higher for MOR and MOE in a parallel direction to the PU4 glue line compared to the perpendicular direction.
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