Flattened and crushed fiber-bundles of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) were dyed with a water or alcohol-based dye at 20 °C, 75 °C or 90 °C for 72 h, followed by drying and coating with PF resin. Hot-pressed bamboo fiber composites (BFC) were manufactured, and the weathering performance of the composites made from dyed and natural bamboo material were tested over 90 days of the Autumn/Winter season in Beijing. Dye was able to penetrate the bamboo tissue to create a rich red color that degraded in color faster than BFC made from un-dyed bamboo. BFC made from un-dyed tissue remained a lighter but more consistent color over the weathering period. Dying the bamboo in ethanol-based dye was effective at pigmenting the product, but made it more susceptible to color degradation as well as greater mass and thickness loss due to the chemical degradation of the lignin caused by ethanol. Higher temperature of water dying treatment (90 °C) gave the greatest resistance to mass and thickness loss during outdoor exposure, and the bamboo may have benefitted from the longer period of ‘heat treatment’ during dyeing. Further work is needed to quantify dye leaching from bamboo tissue and to develop more water-tight and color-fast, weather resistant dyes for bamboo products.